Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

IBS is a group of symptoms that occur together, including pain or discomfort in your abdomen and changes in your bowel movement patterns. It is considered a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder, which is a disorder that occurs when your GI tract behaves in an abnormal way without evidence of damage due to a disease.

Doctors often classify IBS into one of four types based on usual stool consistency:

  • IBS with constipation (IBS-C)
  • IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D)
  • IBS with mixed diarrhea and constipation (IBS-M)
  • IBS with alternating diarrhea and constipation (IBS-A)

How is IBS diagnosed?

In most cases, doctors do not need to perform tests to diagnose IBS. However, a blood test, stool test, colonoscopy, or sigmoidoscopy may be performed if needed.

How is IBS treated?

The type of IBS will affect the types of treatment that are most likely to improve symptoms. There is no current cure for IBS. However, changes in diet, and nutrition, such as following a FODMAP diet, can help treat the symptoms. Certain medications may also be used to treat IBS.

If you have concerns about irritable bowel syndrome, request an appointment at San Bernardino Gastroenterology Associates.